"Controller Design for Mechanical Impedance Reduction,"
- Year of publication
- H. Woo and K. KONG
- IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Mechatronic systems that physically interact with humans should guarantee safety, as well as stability and control performance. Mechanical impedance is an effective means to evaluate the safety of such systems. The mechanical impedance represents the magnitude of reaction forces by mechanical system when it is moved. Therefore, low mechanical impedance is one of the requirements of safe mechatronic systems. However, there exists a tradeoff between mechanical impedance, stability, and control performance. In this paper, a methodology to design control algorithms for reduction of the mechanical impedance with guaranteed stability is proposed. For the controller design, the mathematical definition of the mechanical impedance for open- and closed-loop systems is introduced in this paper. Various analyses on the mechanical impedance from the viewpoint of control systems are given. Then, the controllers are designed for systems with/without right-half complex plane poles and zeros such that they effectively lower the magnitude of mechanical impedance with guaranteed stability. The proposed method is verified through case studies including simulations and experiments.
Paper link : https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6784001